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A career as a security guard in a private security company often appeals to many due to its demand, job security and relatively high salary. However, this profession requires specific skills and characteristics. Moreover, those seeking to work in a private security company must obtain a license, which signifies the qualifications of the guard. The employment process typically unfolds in several stages.

Acquiring a License

Formal employment in a private security company is not possible without a license. Some private security companies are licensed to train and can thus independently send potential employees for training. In all other instances, a candidate must obtain their security guard license independently. The procedure for acquiring a security guard’s certificate can be broken down into several stages:

  1. Medical Assessment

A medical institution licensed to conduct such assessments can provide an evaluation of professional suitability. The candidate is examined by a surgeon, neurologist, ophthalmologist, otolaryngologist, and a general practitioner. Additionally, the candidate must obtain clearance from a neurologist and a psychiatrist. If no medical contraindications are identified, the general practitioner will provide a statement regarding the candidate’s suitability.

  1. Training

Having obtained your suitability certificate for a security guard role, your next step should be to reach out to a centre that provides specialised training. As stated by the Queensland Government, carrying firearms, handcuffs or ⁠ batons is not permitted with a security licence.

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To carry these weapons, applying for a distinct firearms permit is required by contacting ⁠ the designated section in charge of weapon licenses at the Queensland Police Service. In regards to the Weapons Regulation 2016 in addition to the Weapons Act of 1990 ⁠ To establish regulations and limitations for security guards interested in possessing and utilizing weapons. Here are some ⁠ of them:  

  • You need to complete a training course approved by the Police Commissioner you must first fulfill the requirement of ⁠ completing an authorised training program before being able to submit your application for obtaining a weapon’s license suitable for working as a security guard. ‍
  • There is a restriction on carrying only one category C shotgun with gauges including 12, 16 or 20, Another option is to have a category H ⁠ weapon ranging from at least .22 calibre up to but not surpassing .40 calibre, when you are protecting another person’s property as a security guard. ​
  • You cannot use a category H weapon using it as anything other than protection ⁠ for someone’s property while being employed as a security guard is strictly prohibited ​
  • Possessing detachable magazines capable of containing over 10 rounds of ammunition ⁠ is prohibited when dealing with a firearm categorized as H  
  • At all times, you are required to don a holster attached to your belt for concealing your category ⁠ H firearm., Provided there isn’t an emergency or any training-related activities, refrain from utilizing the firearm..  
  • You must record prescribed information about your participation in shooting activities with your category H weapon ⁠ that is a firearm, such as the date, time, place and number of rounds fired. ​
  • You must produce your category H weapon to an authorised officer if requested, ⁠ to establish its barrel length and ensure it complies with the regulations. ⁠

Please note that you will be required to pay for this training, and the cost will vary depending on the category and the pricing policy of the training institution itself.

  1. Fingerprinting

As part of the process to acquire a security guard certificate, you must provide your fingerprints. This can be done at the local department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. You should check their schedule beforehand to avoid any inconvenience. When going for fingerprinting, you should have your passport and two black and white photographs.

Refusing to provide fingerprints will result in a denial of your license.

  1. License Issuance

The procedure to obtain a security guard certificate is overseen by the Licensing and Permit the local state authorities. The applicant simply needs to approach the nearest department, based on their registered address, and submit an application. The required form can be acquired directly at the department.

The following documents should be furnished along with the application:

  • Original passport and photocopies of the main page and the page containing the registered address.
  • A copy of the document showing completed training.
  • A copy of the document indicating the assigned qualification.
  • A certificate from the local state authorities confirming the completion and results of fingerprinting.
  • A medical report.
  • Two black and white photographs.

Moreover, an obligatory state fee  must be paid. It’s critical to provide accurate and honest information on the application as each detail is thoroughly verified. Any discrepancies or mistakes can lead to a denial of the license.

The review period for the application is ten working days. If approved, the security guard certificate is issued promptly.

Next, comes the stage of the interview and employment.

When applying for a role as a security or personal protection officer within a private security firm, prospective candidates will participate in an interview with the company’s management team. Alongside standard interview questions, potential employees may also be required to undertake additional training to align with the specific security tasks the company provides.

If a candidate fits all requirements and is happy with the proposed working conditions, the company then presents the employment contract for review. Upon agreement, employment commences, and the individual is officially enlisted as an employee, ready to begin their duties.

During their tenure at the private security company (PSC), employees are expected to continually demonstrate their expertise, partaking in regular training programmes.

So, who can become a security guard?

As per the current laws of the Australia, any Aussie citizen who is of legal age and physically capable is permitted to work within the security industry. However, a candidate may be deemed unfit for service due to:

  • A criminal record, even an expired one, or current involvement in an ongoing investigation as an accused or suspect.
  • Previous dismissal from law enforcement agencies due to incompetence.
  • A medical condition that could interfere with job duties, as identified during a medical examination.

In other instances, rejection typically stems from errors or inaccuracies within the application or questionnaire.